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Night Sky

Night as it should be.  

Our ancestors lived in harmony with nature, waking with sunrise and sleeping with sunset.
They used fire as their only source of artificial light and lived under the stars and moon. Artificial lighting has been developed for just over 100 years and today's 'bright night' is a recent, unnatural creation by humans. The amount of artificial lighting has continued to rise, leading to brighter nights. However, our eyes and brain, which evolved in the dark nights over tens of thousands of years, have not yet adapted to the modern bright night. Excessively bright nights have been linked to negative impacts on both physical and mental health. As lighting specialists, our approach is to prioritize the quality of lighting over its quantity. We strive to create environments that are not only environmentally sustainable, but also promote well-being through limiting excessive brightness. By doing so, we showcase the significance of thoughtfully designed lighting in our daily lives.


Illuminated Rock

Light Visualizes Space.
We Shape Vision Through Lighting Design. 

Vision is our primary source of information about the world around us. Through the presence of light, we are able to recognize and understand a space. However, the quality of lighting can significantly impact our experience of the space. Unlike common lighting designs that prioritize horizontal illuminance and focus primarily on functionality, we view lighting design as a way of reconstructing the material space into visual information.
Our lighting designs prioritize the visual environment and use light to enhance and transform a space, reflecting its unique character and materials. We consider how people occupy, navigate, and move through the space, and propose the optimal lighting environment to create a comfortable and beautiful experience.




Looking Beyond The Space

We aim to take an active role in meaningful projects that contribute to the greater good. At our studio, rather than solely focusing on lighting design solutions for given spaces, we prioritize understanding the broader objectives of each project. By centering on project goals, we tailor our technical solutions to enhance the designated space, ensuring our designs contribute effectively to achieving these goals and creating a better future.



Intentional Lighting

We aim to design lighting environments that are carefully crafted with clear intent and purpose for each light, ensuring that every light serves a distinct reason. Often, it's not necessary to uniformly illuminate every corner of a space. It's important to have light where it's needed, creating a comfortable and aesthetically pleasing lighting environment without excessive brightness.



Lighting as an Integral Part of Space Design

In order to design lighting that is gentle on the eyes and enhances the beauty of a space, lighting must be designed as an integral part of architecture and interior design. A goal of our lighting design is a state where the space is seen and not the lighting fixtures. This can be achieved only by working closely with architects and interior designers.



Glare-Free & Balanced Lighting

The human eye is incredibly sophisticated, capable of adjusting to brightness levels ranging from 0.0001 lux in dark nights to 100,000 lux on bright, sunny days, approximately a range of ten billion. However, the range of brightness that the eye can comfortably view is believed to be only about 1000 times. If the same field of vision has a brightness range that exceeds 1000 times, it can cause glare and make dark areas appear even darker. Brightness perception is relative, not absolute; when there is something too bright, everything else appears dark. This results in a situation where if light is added in one place, other areas appear dark and require more lighting as well. It's important to focus on balance, not quantity, of light. By suppressing glare and designing a well-balanced lighting environment, we can create a comfortable and beautiful lighting environment without excessive lighting.



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